Country Summary: The Convention has been in force between the United States and Belize
since 1989. In 2021, Belize demonstrated a pattern of noncompliance. Specifically, the judicial
authorities failed to regularly implement and comply with the provisions of the Convention. As
a result of this, 50 percent of requests for the return of abducted children under the Convention
remained unresolved for more than 12 months.
Central Authority: The United States and the Belizean Central Authorities have a strong and
productive relationship that facilitates the resolution of abduction cases under the Convention.
Location: The competent authorities took appropriate steps to locate children after a
Convention application was filed. The average time to locate a child was 31 days. As of
December 31, 2021, there were no cases where the Belizean authorities remained unable to
initially locate a child.
Judicial Authorities: Delays by the Belizean judicial authorities impacted cases during 2021.
As a result of these delays, one case has been pending with the judiciary for over two years,
contributing to a pattern of noncompliance.
Enforcement: The United States is not aware of any abduction cases in which a judicial order
relating to international parental child abduction needed to be enforced by the Belizean
Department Recommendations: The Department will continue intense engagement with the
Belizean authorities to address issues of concern.